Skip to main content

Pathology- Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis can be defined as a group of diseases that result in arterial wall thickening.

1. Monckeberg medial calcific sclerosis:
  • Medial calcification of medium sized arteries
  • Femoral, tibial, radial and ulnar arteries are affected mostly.
  • It is mostly asymptomatic and can be detected by X ray
2. Arteriosclerosis:
  • Occurs in diabetes, hypertension and aging
  • Affects small arteries and arterioles
  • Microscopic appearance-
  • Hyaline arteriosclerosis- pink, glossy arterial wall thickening with luminal narrowing is noted. Hyperplastic arteriosclerosis- Smooth muscle proliferation resulting in concentric (onion skin) wall thickening and luminal narrowing.
3. Atherosclerosis:
  • Def: Lipid deposition and intimal thickening of large and medium sized arteries, resulting in fatty streaks and atheromatous plaques.
  • Aorta, coronary arteries, carotid, cerebral, iliac and popliteal arteries
  • Fatty streak- flat, yellow intimal streak. Microscopically, lipid laden macrophages can be seen (also called foam cells).
  • Atheromatous plaque- Raised, yellow-white plaques, Microscopically-Fibrous cap is seen which contains smooth muscles, lymphocytes and foam cells. Necrotic core contains cholesterol clefts, foam cells and necrotic debris.

Major Risk Factors

Minor Risk Factors


Male gender




Sedentary life style


Stress (Type A personality)

Elevated homocysteine

Oral Contraceptives

Increasing age

Genetic factors

Clinical complications:
  1. Ischemic heart disease
  2. Cerebrovascular accidents
  3. Atheroemboli (Transient ischemic attacks and renals infarcts)
  4. peripheral vascular disease
  5. Aneurysm formation
  6. Mesenteric artery occlusion


Popular posts from this blog

Magnetism in the Unvaccinated: The 'Magneto'-Spike Protein and Magnetogenetics.

Reports of covid19 unvaccinated people in close contact with the vaccinated people becoming 'magnetized' has been puzzling lot of independent researchers, doctors and scientists. We know that the vaccinated people shed spike proteins . But Fe3O4 based Nanoparticles do not shed, neither do they replicate and infect/transmit other people, like the spike proteins do. These Nanoparticles get deposited into brain and neural tissue as we discussed earlier . Looking at this strange phenomenon, it appears like something 'magnetic' is  Replicating - Some vaccinated people are having their whole body 'magnetized' starting from the injection site. And Transmitting : from the vaccinated people to unvaccinated people who are in close contact with them. It looks like something 'Magnetic' is being added to the Covid19 viral Spike Protein genome, which is being injected through the DNA Vector and mRNA experimental Covid19 vaccines. What if I tell you, that may be very m

The unvaccinated need not worry about the Covid-19 variants.

  Nobody needs to worry about these variants : Dr. Mark McDonald.   First of all lets shrug off the burden the main stream media has been dumping on our shoulders. The unvaccinated do not cause mutations or variants. The vaccinated people create variants. Not me, Nobel Laureate Scientist Luc Montagneir and many other scientists and doctors have said that. Vaccinations cause variants.  Curve of vaccination is followed by curve of deaths: Luc Montagneir.  Reports are coming in from Britain and Israel (among the highest vaccinated countries in the world) that vaccinated people are suffering more Deaths and Hospitalizations with 'new variants' than the unvaccinated. Click Here .  Click Here .  Click Here .  Click Here .  Click Here .  Click Here .  Click Here .  Green: Vaccinated. Red: Unvaccinated.  Remember the SAGE report  had predicted that majority of casualties of 'third wave' (Deaths and Hospitalizations) would be amongst the vaccinated people.  Also we have seen D

Deaths Occurring After Experimental Covid19 Vaccine Shots: A Small List.

 In the previous post on covid19 vaccine safety issue, I had emphasized how the deaths after vaccines may not be co-incidental but might have something to do with the experimental vaccines. Recently South Indian actor and comedian, Mr, Vivek had taken covid19 vaccine and urged everyone to take the vaccine. After taking the vaccine he went on to say " The vaccine is  the only thing that can save you. If you ask me if people who get vaccinated don't get Covid19, its not like that. Even if Covid19 hits you, there wont be death." The next day Mr. Vivek died of cardiac arrest causing a major panic among the people of Tamil Nadu. Many villagers refused to take vaccine . In fact people in India, especially the rural population are so scared of the experimental vaccines that in the state of UP, 200 villagers jumped into the river to avoid vaccinations . VAERS data: Not so safe after all.  Immediately the media swung into action and started discrediting anyone who questions the